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佛跳墙

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,又名满坛香、福寿全,是福建福州的当地名菜,属闽菜系。相传,它是在清道光年间由福州聚春园菜馆老板郑春发研制出来的。佛跳墙富含营养,可促进发育,美容,延缓衰老,增强免疫力,乃进补佳品。
1965年和1980年分别在广州南园和香港,以烹制佛跳墙为主的福州菜引起轰动,在世界各地掀起了佛跳墙热。各地华侨开设的餐馆,多用自称正宗的佛跳墙菜,招徕顾客。佛跳墙还接待过西哈努克亲王、美国总统里根、英国女王伊丽莎白等国家元首。
佛跳墙菜的原料有几十种之多:海参、鲍鱼、鱼翅、干贝、鱼唇、鳖裙、鹿筋、鸽蛋、鸭珍、鱼肚、花胶、瑶柱、鸽子、排骨、蛏子、火腿、猪肚、羊肘、蹄尖、蹄筋、家养老母鸡鸡脯、家养黄嘴鸭鸭脯、鸡肫、鸭肫、冬菇、冬笋等等。具体如下:
主料
水发鱼翅500克、净鸭肫6个、水发刺参250克、鸽蛋12个、净肥母鸡1只、水发花冬菇200克、水发猪蹄筋250克、猪肥膘肉95克、大个猪肚1个、羊肘500克、净火腿腱肉150克
调料
姜片75克、葱段95克、桂皮10克、炊发干贝125 克、绍酒2500克、净冬笋500克、味精10克、水发鱼唇250克、冰糖75克、鲂肚125克、上等酱油75克、金钱鲍1000克、猪骨汤1000克、猪蹄尖1000克、熟猪油1000克、净鸭1只。
家常做法所需食材
主料
水发鳐鱼翅(30克)、小鲍鱼(15克)、干瑶柱(10克)、水发广肚(15克)、大虾肉(20克)、鹌鹑蛋(20克)。
调料
鲜冬笋片(10克)、水发香菇(15克)、熟鸡肉(20克)、老姜两片(5克)、绍兴花雕酒(50ml)、上汤(150ml)、盐(1克)、白胡椒粉(少许)。[2] 
制作方法
编辑
先把18种原料分别采用煎、炒、烹、炸多种方法,炮制成具有煎、炒、烹、 炸特色的各种口味,然后一层一层地码放在一只大绍兴酒坛子里,注入适量的上汤和绍兴酒,使汤、酒、菜充分融合,再把坛口用荷叶密封起来盖严,放在火上加 热。用火也十分讲究,需选用木质实沉又不冒烟的白炭,先在武火上烧沸,后在文火上慢慢煨炖五六个小时,这才大功告成。[3] 
传统制作方法
1.将水发鱼翅去沙,剔整排在竹箅(音 bi 一种竹制蒸用工具,或圆或方)上,放进沸水锅中加葱段30克、姜片15克 、绍酒100克煮10分钟,支其腥味取出,拣去葱、姜,汁不用,将箅拿出放进碗里,鱼翅上摆放猪肥膘肉,加绍酒50克,上笼屉用旺火蒸2小时取出,拣去肥膘肉,滗(音 bi 过滤的意思)去蒸汁。
2.鱼唇切成长2厘米、宽4.5厘米的块,放进沸水锅中,加葱段30克、绍酒100克、姜片15克煮10分钟去腥捞出,拣去葱、姜。
3.金钱鲍放进笼屉,用旺火蒸取烂取出,洗净后每个片成两片,剞上十字花刀,盛 入小盆,加骨汤250克、绍酒15克,放进笼屉旺火蒸30分钟取出,滗去蒸汁。鸽蛋煮熟,去壳。[4] 
4.鸡、鸭分别剁去头、颈、脚。猪蹄尖剔壳,拔净毛,洗净。羊肘刮洗干净。以上四料各切12块,与净鸭肫一并下沸水锅氽一下,去掉血水捞起。猪肚里外翻洗干净,用沸水氽两次,去掉浊味后,切成12块,下锅中,加同有汤250克烧沸,加绍酒85克氽一下捞起,汤汁不用。
5.将水发刺参洗净,每只切为两片。水发猪蹄筋洗净,切成2寸长的段。净 火腿腱肉加清水150克,上笼屉用旺火蒸30分钟取出,滗去蒸汁,切成厚约1厘米的片。冬笋放沸水锅中氽熟捞出,每条直切成四块,用力轻轻拍扁。锅置旺 火上,熟猪油放锅中烧至七成热时,将鸽蛋、冬笋块下锅炸约2分钟捞起。随后,将鱼高鱼肚下锅,炸至手可折断时,倒进漏勺沥去油,然后放入清水中浸透取出, 切成长4.5厘米、宽2.5厘米的块。
6.锅中留余油50克,用旺火烧至七成热时,将葱段35克、姜片45克下 锅炒出香味 后,放入鸡、鸭、羊肘、猪蹄尖、鸭肫、猪肚块炒几下,加入酱油75克、味精10克、冰糖75克、绍酒2150克、骨汤500克、桂皮,加盖煮20分钟后, 拣去葱、姜、桂皮,起锅捞出各料盛于盆,汤汁待用。
7.取一个绍兴酒坛洗净,加入清水500克,放在微火上烧热,倒净坛中水,坛底放 一个小竹箅,先将煮过的鸡、鸭、羊、肘、猪蹄尖、鸭肫、猪肚块及花冬菇、冬笋块放入,再把鱼翅、火腿片、干贝、鲍鱼片 用纱布包成长方形,摆在鸡、鸭等料上,然后倒入煮鸡、鸭等料的汤汁,用荷叶在坛口上封盖着,并倒扣压上一只小碗。装好后,将酒坛置于木炭炉上,用小火煨2 小时后启盖,速将刺参、蹄筋、鱼唇、鱼高肚放入坛内,即刻封好坛口,再煨一小时取出,上菜时,将坛口菜胡倒在大盆内,纱布包打开,鸽蛋放在最上面。同时, 跟上蓑衣萝卜一碟、火腿拌豆芽一碟、冬菇炒豆苗一碟、油辣芥一碟以及银丝卷、芝麻烧饼佐食。[5] 
家常制做方法
1.先把姜片铺在罐底。
2.然后铺上冬笋片。
3.依次铺上香菇。
4.再放入熟鸡肉。
5.同时放入虾肉。
6.放入瑶柱。
7.再放入鹌鹑蛋。
8.然后放入广肚。
9.铺上鱼翅,并把鱼翅铺平。
10.最上面放上一只小鲍鱼。
11.把一半花雕酒舀入罐内。
12.炒勺上火注入上汤。
13.倒入另一半花雕酒煮开。
14.用少许盐调味。
15.再撒入少许胡椒粉。
16.把汤舀入罐内。
17.盖好罐的盖子。
18.用保鲜膜把罐子包上。
19.要把罐子密封的严谨一些。
20.把密封好的罐子放入笼中。
21.盖好锅盖,用中火蒸两小时。
22.蒸好后取出,用剪刀剪开保鲜膜。
23.在罐子下垫上垫盘便可上桌食用。


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