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八大菜系

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菜系,又称“帮菜”,是指在选料、切配、烹饪等技艺方面,经长期演变而自成体系,具有鲜明的地方风味特色,并为社会所公认的中国饮食的菜肴流派。

中国饮食文化的菜系,是指在一定区域内,由于气候、地理、历史、物产及饮食风俗的不同,经过漫长历史演变而形成的一整套自成体系的烹饪技艺和风味,并被全国各地所承认的地方菜肴。

早在春秋战国时期的中国,饮食文化中南北菜肴风味就表现出差异。到唐宋时,南食、北食各自形成体系。到了宋代,北咸南甜的格局形成。发展到清代初期时,川菜、鲁菜、粤菜、苏菜[1]  成为当时最有影响的地方菜,被称作“四大菜系”。到清末时,浙菜、闽菜、湘菜、徽菜四大新地方菜系分化形成,共同构成汉民族饮食的“八大菜系”。

除八大菜系外还有一些在中国较有影响的菜系,潮州菜,东北菜,本帮菜,赣菜,鄂菜,京菜,津菜,冀菜,豫菜,客家菜,清真菜等菜系。

菜系

口味

川菜

麻辣鲜香

鲁菜

咸、鲜、浓油擦酱

粤菜

原汁原味、咸、鲜、清淡

苏菜

甜、黄酒味

闽菜

咸甜(南部)、香辣(北部)

徽菜

重油味、重盐

湘菜

重油、重盐、重辣、腌制腊味

浙菜

酱香味浓

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